Primary Ads

Ads from a multitude of campaign committees, super PACs and other interested groups filled the airwaves in early states.  The campaign of Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) was first go on air in the 2016 cycle, running a 30-second TV spot called "Blessing" in the four early states and nationally on Fox News over Easter weekend, April 3-5, 2015.  The first major super PAC ad buy came from the pro-Perry Opportunity and Freedom PAC, a 30-second TV spot running in Iowa starting June 5.  At the peak of the ad campaign in the Iowa caucuses, a viewer might see up to 24 political ads from 14 campaign committees and outside groups during an hour-long newscast (+). 

According to the Wesleyan Media Project, through May 12, 2016 "an estimated $408 million has been spent on television advertising in the presidential race so far, $138 million by Democratic candidates and Democratic-leaning groups and $270 million by Republican candidates and Republican-leaning groups...  That amounts to over 480,000 individual ad airings on local and national broadcast television and on national cable. "  Wesleyan notes a major difference between the Democratic and Republican ad campaigns: 98% of Democratic spending was by the candidate committees, whereas on the Republican side 24% was from the candidate committees and the rest was done by outside groups.  Wesleyan reports the top two advertisers were the Democratic campaigns.  The Sanders campaign spent an estimated total of more than $73 million for more than 124,000 ad airings, while the Clinton campaign spent an estimated total of more than $62 million for around 105,000 airings.  The top outside groups were th pro-Bush Right to Rise USA, $62.4 million for 35,558 airings, and the pro-Rubio Conservative Solutions PAC, $50.9 million for 30,169 airings. 

Finally, note that the campaigns still use radio ads in some instances, although these get much less attention from academics and in news coverage.

The general election ad campaign began on May 17 even as the primaries were winding down; the pro-Clinton Priorities USA ran ads attacking presumptive GOP nominee Donald Trump.  The Clinton campaign itself went up on June 16. 
General Election: Super PACs and Groups  |  Campaign Committees

See also: The Ad Campaign in Iowa
Past Cycles: 2012, 2012 Super PACs and groups  |  2008Dem2008Rep.  |  2004   |   2000

Note that this section does not include "online ads."                                                              

With assistance from Mike Dec  at 4president.org

The Campaigns - Republicans / Democrats  |  Super PACs  |  Interest Groups


The Campaigns
 REPUBLICANS
screen grab from bush ad screen grab from carson ad screen grab from christie ad screen grab from cruz ad screen grab from fiorina ad
screen grab from gilmore ad screen grab from graham ad screen grab from huckabee ad screen grab from kasich ad screen grab from pataki ad
screen grab from paul ad screen grab from rubio ad screen grab from santorum ad screen grab from trump ad Note: Gilmore, Huckabee and Pataki ads run as a result of equal time settlements with NBC.

Jeb 2016, Inc.  [overview]
"Steady Hand" (Feb. 10, 2016 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
"Accomplishments" (Feb. 6, 2016 - :60 TV ad, NH) >
"Backbone" (Feb. 3, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Turn Off Trump" (Feb. 2, 2016 - 2 min. TV ad, NH) >
"Jobs" (Jan. 27, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Only One" (Jan. 21, 2016 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
"Enough" (Jan. 14, 2016 - :60 TV ad, NH) >
"Recovery" (Jan. 13, 2016 - :60 TV ad, NH) >
"Force" (Jan. 4, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Honor" (Dec. 2, 2015 - TV and cable in NH and Boston) >
"I've Delivered" (Sept. 8, 2015 - TV ad, NH broadcast and cable) >

Carson America
"Ben Carson Will Stand for Our Values" (Jan 26, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"America is safe in Ben Carson's hands" (Jan. 22, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Ben Carson on Faith and Family Values" (Jan. 14, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"These Hands" (Dec. 8, 2015 - TV ads (:30 and 60 versions), IA) 1, 2
"Winning, Not Whining" (from Nov. 28, 2015. seen in IA on Dec. 1, 2015) >
"Freedom" (Nov. 6, 2015 - :60 radio ad targeting African-Americans in 8 markets)
"Drain the Swamp" and "We the People" (Oct. 24, 2015 - TV ads, IA, NH, SC and NV) 1, 2
"Why" (Aug. 7, 2015 - TV and radio ads, IA, NH) >

Chris Christie for President
  [overview]
"Strong and Clear" (Jan. 14, 2016 - TV ad, IA)
"Every Life" (Sept. 2, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Law Enforcer" (Aug. 24, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Protect America" (July 24, 2015 - TV ad, NH and nationally on Fox News) >
"Leadership" (July 10, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >

Cruz for President
  [overview]
"Lying" (May 2, 2016 - TV ad, IN) >
"Pence for Cruz" (May 2, 2016 - TV ad, IN) >
"Same" and "Coin" (Apr. 30, 2016 - TV ad, IN) 1, 2
"Pence" (Apr. 29, 2016 - :60 radio ad, IN) >
"#CruzCarly for Jobs, Freedom, and Security" (Apr. 28, 2016 - TV ad, IN) >
"Not Easy" (Apr. 21, 2016 - TV ad, PA) >
"Solutions" (Apr. 21, 2016 - TV ad, PA) >
"Right" (Apr. 21, 2016 - TV ad, PA) >
"Great" (Apr. 15, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
"Nerve" (Apr. 13, 2016 - :60 radio ad, NY) >
"Walker" (Mar. 31, 2016 - TV ad, WI)
>
"Opportunity" (Mar. 30, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
"Grant" (Mar. 17, 2016 - TV ad, AZ) >
"Lee" (Mar. 17, 2016 - TV ad, UT) >
title? (Mar. 9, 2016 - TV ad, NC, also a little in OH from Mar. 14-15) >
"Nevada Land" (Feb. 18, 2016 - TV ad, NV) >
"Stop" (Feb. 18, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Sales Pitch" (Feb. 17, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Chance" (Feb. 15, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Supreme Trust" (Feb. 15, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Parking Lot" (Feb. 11, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Conservatives Anonymous" (Feb. 11, 2016 - TV ad, no info on buy, pulled)
title? (Feb. 8, 2016, NH)
"Trust" (Jan. 31, 2016 - TV ad, IA)
title? (Jan. 28, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"New York Values" (Jan. 25, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Have Your Back" (Jan 22, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
title? (Jan. 19, 2016 - TV ad, IA)
"Cruz Commander" (Jan. 19, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"invasion" (Jan. 5, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"First Principles" (Jan. 5, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Victories" (Dec. 28, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Cruz Christmas Classics" (Dec. 19, 2015 - TV ad, run in IA during Saturday Night Live) >
"Win" ("Border") (Dec. 17, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Dangerous" (Dec. 5, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Endorsement" (Dec. 5, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Debate" (Nov. 16, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Fight" (Nov. 16, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Damage" (Nov. 16, 2015 - radio ad, IA) >
"Scorpion" (Sept. 16, 2015 -TV ad, IA, NH, SC and NV on CNN and FOX)
"Values" (Aug. 11, 2015 - TV ad on Fox News in Des Moines, IA) >
"Blessing" (April 3-5, 2015 - TV ad, IA, NH, SC and NV and national) >

Carly for President
"Stand with me" (Feb. 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"This is why I'm running for President..." (Jan. 28, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >

Gilmore fo America
"Trust" (Nov. 27, 2015 - TV ad on NBC in IA, NH and SC) >

Lindsey Graham 2016
"Make it Count" (Nov. 8, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >; and "Guts" and "Consider" (Nov. 8, 2015 - :60 radio ads, New England) 1, 2

Huckabee for President
"Thanksgiving" (Nov. 27, 2015 - TV and on NBC) >

Kasich for America  [overview]
"America Never Give Up" (May 2, 2016 - :60 radio ad, OR) >
Reruns:
"America Never Give Up" and "Healing" (Mar. 24, 2016 in WI)
Reruns: "America Never Give Up" and "Healing" (Mar. 16, 2016 in UT)
"Rise" (Mar. 8, 2016 - TV ad, OH) >
"Progress" (Feb. 24, 2016 - TV ad, MA and Mar. 1 in MI) >
"This Land Is Your Land" and "Kasich Cuts Taxes" (Feb. 18, 2016 - :60 radio ads, NV) 1, 2

"100 Days" (Feb. 12, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Healing" (Feb. 12, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Join Me" (Feb. 5, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Our Time" (Jan. 28, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"America: Never Give Up" (Jan. 5, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Defending Our Way of Life" (Nov. 27, 2015 - TV ad on NBC in IA, NH and SC) >

George Pataki for President
"George Pataki Suspends Presidential Campaign" (Dec. 29, 2015 - TV ad on NBC in IA, NH and SC) >

Rand Paul for President

"Real Conservative" (Sept. 16, 2015 - in early states on CNN) >
"Waters Of The U.S." (Aug. 5, 2015 - :60 radio ad, on ag radio in IA, including the Big Show on WHO) >
"Standing Strong" (June 2, 2015 - "select cable television networks") >
"Defeat The Washington Machine" (April 13, 2015 - TV ad, cable in IA, NH, SC and NV) >

Marco Rubio for President
  [overview]
"Arkansas Governor Asa Hutchinson Endorses Marco Rubio" (Feb. 26, 2016, TV ad) >
"Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam Endorses Marco Rubio" (Feb. 25, 2016, TV ad) >
"Revolution" (Feb. 25, 2016, TV ad, March 1 primary states) >
"Future" (Feb. 18, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
Scott/Gowdy radio ad (Feb. 17, 2016 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
"Family" (Feb. 16, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Fear" (Feb. 16, 2016 - TV ad, SC)
>
"Trust" (Feb. 4, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Town Hall" (Jan. 30-31, 2016) - half-hour TV special, IA) >
"Defeating Hillary" (Jan. 28, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Eight Years" (Jan. 27, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Listening" (Jan. 26, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Marcomentum" (Jan. 22, 2016 - TV ad, NH version) >
"Marcomentum" (Jan. 22, 2016 - TV ad, IA version) >
"Good Deal" (Jan. 21, 2016 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Disqualified" (Jan. 20, 2016 - TV ad, NH and SC) >
"Life" (Jan. 16, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Support" (Jan. 15, 2016 - TV ad, cable and broadcast in iA) >
"Happening" (Jan. 15, 2016 - TV ad, cable and broadcast in iA) >
"Football" (weekend of Jan. 9, 2016 - TV ad, select early state markets) >
"Faith" (weekend of Jan. 9, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Safe" (Jan. 5, 2016 - TV ad, early states) >
"Lunatic" (Dec. 30. 2015 - TV ad, NH and other early states) >
"About" (Dec. 15, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Because" (Dec.  7, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Bartender" (Nov. 26, 2015 - TV ad, IA and next week in NH) >
"A Civilizational Struggle" (Nov. 24, 2015 - TV ad, national) >

Santorum for President 2016
"Fairytales" (:60 TV ad week of Jan. 4, 2016 - IA) >
"Take Back America" or "Betrayal" (Aug. tbd, 2015 - :60 radio ads, winning ad to run in IA, NH and SC) >

Donald J. Trump for President  [overview]
"Job Killing Ted" (Apr. 28, 2016 - TV ad, IN) >
Rerun:
Donald J. Trump Jr. TV spot (late Apr. 2016 - TV ad, IN)
"My Dad - Donald J. Trump Jr." (Apr. 22, 2016 - TV ad, PA) >
title? (April 22, 2016 - TV ad, PA) >
"New York Values" (Apr. 12, 2016 - :60 radio ad, NY) >
"Lying Ted" (Mar. 19, 2016 - TV ad, UT) >
"John Kasich All Talk No Action Politician" (Mar. 11, 2016 - TV ad, OH) >
"Corrupt Marco" (Mar. 7, 2016 - TV ad, FL) >
"Jamiel" (Feb. 12, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
McMaster radio ad (Feb. 5, 2016 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
"Voters Speak" (Feb. 4, 2016 - TV ad, NH and SC) >
"Clear Difference" (Jan. 22, 2016 - TV ad, IA, NH and SC) >
Falwell radio ad (Jan. 22, 2016 - :60 radio ad, IA and SC) >
Ivanka Trump radio ad (Jan. 18, 2016 - :60 radio ad, IA and NH) >
"Our Country" (Jan. 15, 2016 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Great Again" (Jan. 5, 2016 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
SC radio ads (week of Jan. 4, 2016)
"Dangerous," "Louise," "Produce" and "Sam Clovis" (Nov. 18, 2015 - 4 radio ads run in IA, NH and SC) >
2 radio ads (Nov. 5, 2015 - 2 radio ads run in IA, NH and SC) 1, 2

American Future Project [Jindal]
"Religious Liberty" (May 19, 2015 - TV ad, IA on cable) >

New Day for America [Kasich]
"Balancing the Budget" (released July 20, run starting July 21, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Us" (released July 8, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >

We the People, Not Washington PAC [Pataki]
"Distractions" (April 16, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >


  DEMOCRATS


Hillary for America
  [overview]
Spanish language radio ad (early June 2016 - :60 radio ad, CA)
Rerun: "Breaking Barriers" (late May 2016 - TV ad, CA)
"Hard Truth" (May 12, 2016 - :60 radio ad, KY) >
Rerun: "New World" (May 12, 2016 - TV ad, KY)
[no advertising in IN]
"Love and Kindness" (Apr. 25, 2016 - TV ad, PA, CT and MD) >
"My Mom" (Apr. 20, 2016 - TV ads, CT and RI) 1, 2
"Twenty Years Old" (Apr. 20, 2016 - :60 radio ad, MD) >
"Diversidad" (Apr. 18, 2016 - :60 radio ad, PA, RI  ...en español) >
Rerun:
"Una Bandera" (Apr. 18, 2016 - TV ad, PA)
"The Same" (Apr. 16, 2016 - TV ad, PA version) >
anti-fracking ad (mid-Apr. 2016 - TV ad, upstate NY) >
"Came Through" (Apr. 15, 2016 - :90-sec TV ad, NYC) >
"Decision" (Apr. 15, 2016 - TV ad, NYC) >
"Fuerte" (Apr. 14, 2016 - :60 radio ad, NY  ...en español) >
"Forward" (Apr. 13, 2016 - TV ad, PA) >
Rerun:
"Stand" (Apr. 13, 2016 - TV ad, MD)
"Una bandera" (Apr. 12, 2016 - TV ad, NYC  ...en español) >
Rerun:
"Stand" (Apr. 12, 2016 - TV ad, PA)
"Stronger Together" (Apr. 11, 2016 - TV ad, NYC) >
Rerun:
"New World" (Apr. 9, 2016 - TV ad, PA)
"Every Corner" (Apr. 7, 2016 - TV ad, upstate NY) >
"Norma" (Apr. 7, 2016 - TV ad, upstate NY) >
Rerun: "
Stand" (Apr. 7, 2016 - TV ads, NYC)
"New World" (Apr. 7, 2016 - TV ad, NYC) >
"La vida requiere riesgos" (Apr. 7, 2016 - TV ad, NY  ...en español) >
"Education" (Mar. 31, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
"New York" (Mar. 30, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
"This House" (WI version) (Mar. 30, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
"Work Hard" (Mar. 25, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
Reruns: "Stand" and "Predatory" (Mar. 25, 2016 - TV ad, WI)
"Ladders" (Mar. 22, 2016 - TV ad, HI) >
"Better" (Mar. 16, 2016 - TV ad, AZ) >
Reruns: "Gabby" and "Brave" (Mar. 16, 2016 - TV ads run in AZ)
   “Valentía” (AZ version) (Mar. 15, 2016 - TV ad, AZ) >
   "Una de mis héroes" (AZ version) (Mar. 15, 2016 - TV ad, AZ  ...en español) >
"Una de mis héroes" (Mar. 12, 2016 - TV ad, FL  ...en español)
"Respeto" (Mar. 9, 2016 -:60 radio ad, Tampa, FL  ...en español) >
   "Valentia" (FL version) (Mar. 9, 2016 - TV ad run in FL) >
Reruns: "Stand" and "Predatory" (Mar. 9, 2016 - TV ads run in FL)
“Came Through” (Mar. 7, 2016 - :60 radio ad, MI) >
"Fight for Us" (Mar. 4, 2016 - :60 radio ad, MI) >
"Predatory" (Mar. 1, 2016 - TV ad, KS, NE and MI) >
"Gabby" (Feb. 26, 2016 - TV ad, MA) >
"Al Franken" (Feb. 26, 2016 - TV ad, MN) >
"Hands Down" (Feb. 25, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"This City Means Something" (Feb. 24, 2016 - TV ad, MI) >
"Sen. Amy Klobuchar" (Feb. 24, 2016 - :60 radio ad, MN) >
"The Letter" (Feb. 24, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Johnson Controls" (Feb. 23, 2016 - TV ad, Duluth, MN) >
"Believer" (Feb. 21, 2016 - TV ad, TX) >
"Stand" (Feb. 21, 2016 - TV ad, SC, national) >

"All The Good" and "Breaking Barriers" (Feb. 19, 2016 - TV ad, SC, national) >
"Brave" (Feb. 18, 2016 - TV ad, NV also TX) >

"Standing" (Feb. 13, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Broken" (Feb. 9, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
“Valentía” (Feb. 6, 2016 - TV ad, NV) >
“Caucus Conmigo” (Feb. 6, 2016 - :60 radio ad, NV  ...en español) >
"Deliver-Keene," "Deliver Portsmouth" and "Deliver-Boston Metro" (Feb. 4, 2016 - radio ads, NH) 1, 2, 3
"25 Years" (Feb. 2, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Children" (Jan. 28, 2016 - TV ad, IA; and later in NH) >
"Real Progress Now" (Jan. 27, 2016 - TV ad, IA; and  later in NH) >
"Make a Difference" (Jan. 27, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"The World" (Jan. 22, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"This House" (Jan. 20, 2016 - :60 TV ad, IA) >
"Reverend Hunt" (Jan. 14, 2016 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
"Stood Strong" (Jan. 13, 2016 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"I'm With Him" (Jan. 13, 2016 - TV ad, national cable, IA and NH) >
"Incredible" (Jan. 10, 2016 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Stand" (Dec. 30, 2015 - :60 radio ad, IA) >
wage gap ad (reported by the NYT on Dec. 29, 2015, run in IA)
"For You" (Dec. 29, 2015 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
"Keith" (Dec. 23, 2015 - TV ad, NH also seen in IA) >
"Secure" (Dec. 21, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Doubled" (Dec. 10, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"More" (Dec. 9, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Aidan" (Dec. 5, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"My Story" (Dec. 1, 2015 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
"Ami" and "Her Fight" (Nov. 21, 2015 - TV ads, IA and NH) 1, 2
"Compact" (Nov. 9, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Together" (Nov. 3, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"The Same" (Oct. 26, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Admits It" (Oct. 6, 2015 - TV ad, national cable) >
"Overnight" (Sept. 28, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Get Ahead" (Sept. 25, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Every Child" (Sept. 13, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Stretched" (Sept. 9, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Reshuffle" (Aug. 19, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Family Strong" (Aug. 4, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Dorothy" (Aug. 4, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
*Hillary for America reruns often have a different date on the closing frame but are otherwise identical

Bernie 2016
  [overview]
"Nuestro Destino Puertorriqueño" (May 26, 2016 - TV ad, PR  ...en español) >
"California" (May 24, 2016 - TV  ad, CA) >
"Virgin Islands Primary is Coming Up" (week of June 4, 2016 - :60 radio ad, USVI) >
"Bernie for Guam" (week of May 7, 2016 - :60 radio ad, GU) >
Reruns: (TV ads, IN)
"Tribune Endorsement" (week of Apr. 26, 2016 - :60 radio ad, Philadelphia, PA) >
"He's with Us"
(Apr. 20, 2016 - TV ad, MD) >
"Baltimore" (Apr. 20, 2016 - TV ad, MD) >
"Sons of New York" (Apr. 16, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
"$27" (Apr. 15, 2016 - TV ad, San Francisco and Los Angeles, CA) >
"200,000" (Apr. 15, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
"Art of the Steal" (Apr. 14, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
"Erica" (Apr. 11, 2016 - TV ad, MD) >
Rerun: "The Problem" (Apr. 11, 2016 - TV ad, NY)
"No Fracking Anywhere" (Apr. 11, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
"Bolder" (Apr. 10, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
"These Are Mothers and Fathers, Sons and Daughters" (Apr. 9, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
Reruns:
"People Before Polluters" and
"Stood with American Workers" (Mar. 29, 2016 - TV ads, WI)
"The Cost of War" (Mar. 24, 2016 - 1min30sec TV ad, HI) >
"Conviction" (Mar. 24, 2016 - TV ad, HI) >

"The Promise of Opportunity for Hawaii" (week of Mar. 26, 2016 - :60 radio ad, HI) >
"Far Reaching Climate Plan" (Mar. 23, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
Reruns: "Bottom 100 Million," "Works For Us All," Social Security," "Two Visions" (Mar. 23, 2016 - TV ads, WI)
"Valores" (Mar. 17, 2016 - TV ad, AZ 
...en español) >
"Change Agent" (Mar. 17, 2016 - TV ad, AZ) >
"Bull" (Mar. 17, 2016 - TV ad, AZ) >
"Stood with American Workers" (Mar. 11, 2016 - TV ad, IL and OH) >
"Work of His Life" (Mar. 10, 2016 - TV ad, IL) >
"Better Possibilities" (Mar. 10, 2016 - TV ad, IL) >
"Transformative Change" and "Cambio Transformador" (Mar. 10, 2016 - TV ad, IL) 1, 2

"Tenemos Familias" (Mar. 10, 2016 - 5-min. TV ad, Univision 
...en español) >
"Dishonest Politics" (Mar. 7, 2016 - :60 radio ad, MI) >
"Stand Together" (Arabic) (Mar. 2016 - radio ad, Dearborn, MI) >
"For Jobs, For Us" (Mar. 2, 2016 - TV ad, MI) >
"People Before Polluters" (Feb. 26, 2016 - TV ad, CO and MN) >
"Wake Up | Spike Lee Endorses Bernie Sanders" (Feb. 23, 2016 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
Keith Ellison ad (seen Feb. 20, 2016 - TV ad, MN) >

"It's Not Over" (Feb. 17, 2016 - 2 min. TV ad, SC) >
Lucy Flores ad (Feb. 16, 2016 - TV ad, NV) >
"Endorsed" (Feb. 4, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
[Iowa endorsements ad] (seen Jan. 29, 2016 - TV ad, IA)
"The Problem" (Jan. 28, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
title? (Jan. 25, 2016 - :TV ad, IA)

title? (Jan. 25, 2016 - :TV ad, IA)
"American Horizon" (Jan. 25, 2016 - :60 TV ad, IA) >
"America" (Jan. 22, 2016 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Defend This Nation" (Jan. 20, 2016 - TV ad, IA and NH)
>
"Patti and George" (Jan. 20, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Two Visions" (Jan. 14, 2016- TV ad, IA and NH)
>
"Expand Social Security" (Jan. 13, 2016 - TV ad, IA and NH) >
"Bottom 100 Million" (Dec. 28, 2015 - TV ad, early states) >
"Mari" (Dec. 28, 2015 - TV ad, early states) >
"Social Security" (Dec. 28, 2015 - TV ad, early states) >
"Working Families" (Dec. 28, 2015 - TV ad, early states) >
"Sound" (Dec. 24, 2015 - :60 radio ad, IA) >

"People Power" (Dec. 17, 2015 - :15 TV ad) >
"Rock" and "Effective" (Dec. 11, 2015 - TV ads, IA and NH) 1, 2
"One Candidate" (Dec. 8, 2015 - :60 radio ad, SC) >
"Works for All of Us" and "A Rigged Economy: This is How it Works" (Nov. 21, 2015 - TV ads, IA and NH) 1, 2
title? en Español (Nov. 5, 2015 - :60 radio ad, NV  ...en español) >
"Real Change" (released Nov. 1, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH and in NV from Dec. 22, 2015) >

Lessig2016.us
"Bought (Rubio)" (Oct. 6, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH) >


Super PACs and More
REPUBLICANS
pro-Bush:  Right to Rise USA
"Not a President" (mid-Feb. 2016 - 60 radio ad, SC) >
"Stopwatch" (Feb. 7, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Guts" (Feb. 3, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Quiz" (Jan. 26, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
title? [credit card] (Jan. 27, 2016 - TV ad, seen in IA)
title? [A-plus from NRA] (Jan. 26, 2016 - TV ad, seen in IA)
"Broken Promise" (Jan. 25, 2016 - TV ad, seen in IA) >
"Vane" (Jan. 11, 2016 - TV ad, seen in IA) >
"Promotion" (Jan. 7, 2016, seen in IA) >
"Three Governors" (Dec. 29, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA) >
"Briefing" (Dec. 29, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA) >
"Tough Enough" (Dec. 18, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA) >
"Desk" (Dec. 7, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA on Dec. 10, 2015) >
"Proven Leader" (Dec. 4, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA on Dec. 9, 2015) >
"Leader" (Nov. 23, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA on Dec. 2, 2015) >
gap ... missing ads here.
"Real Results" (Sept. 15, 2015 - TV ad, IA and NH, and the next week SC) >
ed. note: NBC News reported on Nov. 18 that Right to Rise USA had spent $19.5 million to run ads in IA, NH and SC.

pro-Carson:  The 2016 Committee
("Every Resource Available") "Defeat ISIS" (Nov. 19, 2015 - TV ad, FOX News in IA) >

pro-Christie:  America Leads
ad attacking Kasich (Feb. 8, 2016 - TV ad, NH)
"Proven" and "Vetoed" (Feb. 5, 2016 - 15-sec TV ads, NH) 1, 2
"Nothing More Important" (Jan. 15, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Mary Pat" (Jan. 14, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Gitmo" (Jan. 5, 2016 - TV ad - NH) >
"Tested" (Dec. 28, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Radical" (Dec. 14, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Endorsed" (Dec. 3, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Lead" (Nov. 18, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Get the Job Done" (Oct. 30, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Change Washington" (Oct. 16, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Reformer" (Oct. 5, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Stand Up" (Sept. 9, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Prevent War" (Aug. 27, 2015  - TV ad, national) >
"Glide Path" (July 20, 2015 - TV ad, NH and then nationally on Fox News) >

pro-Cruz:  Trusted Leadership PAC
"A Serious Leader" (Apr. 28, 2016 - TV ad, IN) >
Reruns:
"Kasich BFF" (Apr. 22, 2016 - TV ad, IN) and "Ready on Day One" (Apr. 26, 2016 - TV ad, IN)
"Record, not Rhetoric" (Apr. 13, 2016 - :60 radio ad, NY) >
Reruns:
"Kasich BFF" and "Ready on Day One" (Apr. 13, 2016 - TV ads, NY)
"Kasich BFF" (Apr. 2, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
"Kasich Won't Play" (Mar. 29, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
"Ready on Day One" (Mar. 17, 2016 - TV ad, AZ and UT) >
Pro-Cruz radio ads run in OH, IL, NC and MO for a total of $435,000..."Conservative Champion" (Mar. 2016 - :60 radio ad) >
pro-Cruz:  Keep the Promise 1
Reruns: "Works for You" and "The People's President" (early Mar. 2016 - TV ads, IL)
"Rubio's Friends" (Feb. 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Bold Leadership" (Feb. 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Works for You" (Feb. 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"TrumpCare" (late Jan. 2016 - TV ad, IA and SC) >
"Record, not Rhetoric" (Jan. 19, 2016 - TV ad, IA and from Jan. 25 in SC, also run in NV) >
"The People's President" (Jan. 13, 2016  - TV ad seen in IA, also run in NV) >
"Leadership HD" (Jan. 4, 2016 - TV ad seen in IA) >
"The Ted Cruz I Trust" radio ads (ea. Nov. 2015) >
title? (Sept. 28, 2015 - :60 radio ad run on conservative and Christian stations) >
"Stand Up for Iowa" (Sept. 12, 2015 - TV ad, IA during the Iowa-Iowa State football game) >

pro-Cruz:  Courageous Conservatives PAC
"The Gang" (Nov. 17, 2015 - :60 radio ad, IA) >
"Rubio or Cruz, which one do you trust" (Nov. 6, 2015 - :60 radio ad, IA) >
"Ted Cruz - Before It's Too Late" (Oct. 26, 2015 - :60 radio ad, IA) >

pro-Cruz:  Stand for Truth, Inc.
"Sanctuary" (Jan. 31, 2016 - TV ad seen in IA) >
"Trump NYC" (Jan. 26, 2016 - TV ad seen in IA) >
"Side by Side" (Jan. 21, 2016 - TV ad seen in IA) >
"Threats" (Jan. 13, 2016 - TV ad seen in IA) >

pro-Fiorina:  CARLY for America
"Tested Leader" (Jan. 22, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Radio-Carly-60sec" (Jan. 21, 2016 - :60 radio ad, IA) >
"Take Our Country Back" (Dec. 4, 2015 - TV and radio, NH and Boston) >
"Citizen Carly" (Nov. 22, 2015 - 58:30 documentary run on WBIN-TV in NH)
"Outsider" (July 10, 2015 - :60 radio ad) >
"Leadership" (July 10, 2015 - :60 radio ad) >

pro-Graham:  Security is Strength PAC
"Strong" (Sept. 4, 2015 - TV ad, cable TV in NH) >

pro-Huckabee:  Pursuing America's Greatness
"Serious" (Jan. 24, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Steadfast" (Jan. 14, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
"Moral Clarity" (Dec. 31, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >

pro-Jindal:  Believe Again
"Earning it in Iowa" (Aug. 6, 2015 - TV ad, on Fox News in IA) >
"We're All Americans" (late June 2015 - TV ad, IA) >

pro-Kasich:  New Day for America / New Day Independent Media Committee, Inc.
"Failed" (Apr. 30, 2016 - TV ad, OR) >
"Rocks" (Apr. 14, 2016 - TV ad, PA) >
"Crazy" (Apr. 8, 2016 - TV ad, NY and PA) >
"NY" (week of Apr. 11, 2016 - TV ad, NY) >
"Nose" (Mar. 31, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
"Suggest" (Mar. 22, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >
"Win" (Mar. 17, 2016 - TV ad, UT) >
"Hinge" (Mar. 12, 2016 - TV ad, OH) >
"Talk" (Mar. 1, 2016 - TV ad, MI) >
"Meow" (Mar. 1, 2016 - TV ad, OH) >
"Crown" (Feb. 25, 2016 - TV ad, MA, MI and VT) >
"Quiet" (Feb. 22, 2016 - TV ad, MI) >
"Cratered" (Feb. 18, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Newt" (Feb. 17, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Us" (Feb. 10, 2016 - TV ad, SC and NV) >
"Muddier" (Feb. 4, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Sunrise" (Feb. 1, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Mud" (Jan. 21, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Londonderry" (Jan. 6, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Rascal" (Dec. 16, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Hippo-Crit" (Dec. 14, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Commander In Chief" (Nov. 18, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Reformer" (Oct. 9, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Live" (Sept. 28, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Momentum" (Sept. 22, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"Walk" (Aug. 26, 2015 - TV ad, NH) >
"National Security" (end of July 2015 - TV ad, NH) >

pro-Pataki:  We the People, Not Washington PAC
"Undefeated" (July 17, 2015 - TV ad in NH on  WMUR as well as Fox News and CNN) >

pro-Paul:  America's Liberty PAC
title? (Jan. 19, 2016 - TV ad, IA)

pro-Paul:  Purple PAC
title? (Jan. 19, 2016 - TV ad, IA)

pro-Perry:  Opportunity and Freedom PAC

"Values" (July 10, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Secure the Border" (June 23, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Only One" (June 11, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >
"Lost" (June 5, 2015 - TV ad in Des Moines and Cedar Rapids, IA) >

pro-Rubio:  Conservative Solutions PAC
title? (Mar. 10, 2016 - TV ad, FL) >
"Knows Nothing" (Feb. 26, 2016 - TV ad, FL) >
"Fools" (Feb. 26, 2016 - TV ad, FL) >
"What Happened" (Feb. 6, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Both Right" (Feb. 2, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Yesterday's Over" (seen Feb. 4, 2016 - TV ad, NH) >
"Train Wreck" (Jan. 14, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >
title? (Jan. 12, 2016 - TV ad, IA)
"Nobody Better" (Jan. 5, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
"Some Republicans" (Dec. 22, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA, possibly run elsewhere) >
"Safer" (Dec. 15, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA, possibly run elsewhere) >
"Marco" (approx. Nov. 30, 2015 - TV ad, seen in IA and possibly run elsewhere) >

pro-Rubio:  Conservative Solutions Project
"Greatness" (approx. Sept. 20, 2015 - TV ad, GA) >
"Bad Deal" (June 25, 2015 - TV ad run on cable) >

pro-Santorum:  Working Again PAC
"WW3" (Dec. 15, 2015 - :60 radio ad, IA) >

pro-Trump:  Great America PAC
"Trump Stepped Up" (April 15, 2016 - TV ad) >
"Unifier" (Mar. 21, 2016 - TV ad) >

anti-Trump:  Make America Awesome
"Real Trump Record" (:60 radio ad, Dec. 29, 2015, NH) >

anti-Trump:  Our Principles PAC
Rerun: "Scam" (late-Apr. 2016 - TV ad, IN)
Reruns: "Outsourcer" (Northern and Western WI) and "Quotes" (:30 and :60 version statewide in WI)
"Imagination" (Mar. 18, 2016 - TV ad, UT) >
"Quotes" (Mar. 14, 2016 - TV ad, FL) >
"Outsourcer" (Mar. 9, 2016 - TV ad, OH) >
ad on failed Tampa condo (Mar. 2016 - TV ad, FL)
"Scam" (Mar. 2, 2016 - TV ad, FL) >
"Questions" (Jan. 27, 2016 - TV ad, IA) >

pro-Walker:  Unintimidated PAC
"Fight and Win" (Sept. 8, 2015 - TV ad, IA) >

DEMOCRATS
pro-Clinton:  Priorities USA
"Games" (announced Oct. 21, 2015 - TV ad, cable in IA, NH, SC, NV and DC) >

anti-Clinton:  Future 45
"Responsible" (Oct. 28, 2015 - TV ad, IA, NH) >

pro-Sanders: National Nurses United for Patient Protection
"Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard, on why she endorses Bernie Sanders" (Mar. 18, 2016 - :60 radio ad, AZ and other states) > SANDERS

anti-Sanders:  ESA Fund
"Too Liberal" (late Jan. 2016 - TV ad, IA ) >

pro-O'Malley:  Generation Forward PAC
"Wall Street's Public Enemy No. 1" (reported June 3, 2015, seen June 7 - TV ad, IA) >

pro-Biden:  Draft Biden
"Never Quit" (Oct. 13, 2015 - TV ad, CNN during first debate) >
"My Redemption" (Oct. 7, 2015 - TV ad, national cable) >...pulled before it ran


Interest Groups

Targeting Specifc Candidates
America's Renewable Future
"Own Words" (Dec. 18, 2015 - radio ad, IA) >  CRUZ
"Hypocrite" (Dec. 1, 2015 - radio ad, IA) >  CRUZ

American Encore
"Leading From Behind" (Nov. 24, 2015 - TV ad run in Des Moines, IA) >  CRUZ

American Federation of Teachers Solidarity (a 527)
title? (Apr. 22, 2016 - radio ad, PA) >  CLINTON

American Future Fund

"Trump Alway Puts Himself Ahead of the American People" (Mar. 13, 2016 - TV ad, FL) >  TRUMP
"Cliff" (Mar. 10, 2016 - TV ad, markets in FL) >  TRUMP
"The Best Words" (Mar. 7, 2016 - TV ad, markets in FL) >  TRUMP
"Best Negotiators" (Mar. 3, 2016 - TV ad, key markets in FL) >  TRUMP
"Kevin," "Sherri" and "Bob" (Feb. 26, 2016 - TV ad, nationwide) 1, 2, 3  TRUMP
"Weak" (Feb. 10, 2016 - TV ad, SC) > CRUZ
"Who is He?" (Jan. 27, 2016 - TV ad, NH) > KASICH

Americans for Limited Government
"Donald Trump joins ALG in fight against Pacific trade deal" (week of May 6, 2015 - 0:60 radio ad, IA, SC and later national) >  TRUMP

Americans United for Change
"Pope or Kochs" (week of June 29, 2015 - TV and radio ad, Des Moines and Cedar Rapids, IA and Manchester, NH) >  REPUBLICAN CANDS

Club for Growth/Club for Growth Action
"Math"-Indiana version (Apr. 21, 2016 - TV ad, IN) >
  TRUMP
"Math" (Mar. 24, 2016 - TV ad, WI) >  TRUMP
"Some People" (Mar. 17, 2016 - TV ad, UT) >  TRUMP
"Trump. He's no tough guy." (Mar. 2016 - TV ad, FL) >  TRUMP
"There's Nothing Conservative About Donald Trump" (Feb. 12, 2016 - TV ad, SC) >
  TRUMP
"Politician" and "One Hundred Percent" (Sept. 15, 2015 - TV ad, IA) 1, 2 
TRUMP
"Ready for...Mike Huckabee?" (May 6, 2015 - TV ad, Sioux City, IA and Greenville, SC) >
  HUCKABEE

Foundation for a Secure and Prosperous America

"Consequences" (Aug. 6, 2015 - TV ad run after the first GOP debate) >  PAUL
"Sanctions" (April 8, 2015 - TV ad, IA, NH, SC and NV and national) >  PAUL

Generic Issues
AARP
"Take a Stand: Answer the Call" and "Take a Stand: Mic" (from Nov. 2015...seen in IA in Jan. 2016) >

Californians for Population Stabilization (CAPS)
Anchor Babies TV ad (Oct. 13, 2015 - TV ad to run on CNN in IA, SC and CA during the first Dem. debate) >

National Immigration Forum Action Fund
"Better" (Sept. 16, 2015 - TV ad run during the second GOP debate) >

NextGen Climate
title? (seen Dec. 2, 2015 - TV ad, IA)
(Oct. 13, 2015 - TV ad to run on CNN in IA, NH, NV, FL, OH and DC during the first Dem. debate)

Numbers USA
"It's About the Numbers" (Aug. 6, 2015 - TV ad run during the first GOP debate) >

Peter G. Peterson Foundation
"AskForAPlan.org - Disappearing" (Jan. 8, 2016 - TV ad seen in IA) >


___________
Political File
WHO (Channel 13, NBC)
KCCI (Channel 8, CBS)
WOI (Channel 5, ABC)

KDSM (Channel 17, FOX)

WMUR-TV (Channel 9, ABC)...Manchester
WBIN-TV (Channel 50)...Derry

WIS (Channel 10, NBC)...Columbia


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